« 超人の面白セミナー参加  大学人会議主催 講師 : 吉見俊哉東大教授『文系学部廃止』の衝撃 : 大学はどこへ行くのか 続 | トップページ | 超人の面白テレビ観賞 ETV特集「武器ではなく命の水を~医師・中村哲とアフガニスタン~」 »

2016/09/13

超人の面白ワールドニュース ピックアップ ロンドンの最新パブ事情

下記はロンドンの最近のパブ事情。ビールの値上がり、ワイン飲みや家飲みが増え、しかも地価が高騰していて、1992年に67,800軒あった店が、2014年には4/1減少して51,900軒に。この時期でも人口は10%増加しているにも拘わらずだ。ロンドンのワンズワース特別区では廃業する店も多く、また、店のオーナーは自治体主導でスーパーマーケットやアパート経営に転換させられている、とかなり深刻らしい。
London Borough Raises Pints — And Legal Protections — To U.K.'s Fading Pubs
by Frank Langfitt

The British pub is as much a part of the fabric of the United Kingdom as fish and chips and the queen, but each year hundreds close their doors for good. The reasons include the high price of beer, more people drinking at home and rising land prices.

Now — in an apparent first — the London borough of Wandsworth has designated 120 pubs for protection, requiring owners who want to transform them into apartments or supermarkets to get local government approval first.

Chris Cox has been watching pubs disappear in Wandsworth since the 1990s, and thinks the new regulation is great. Cox, who's just polished off a lager at the Falcon, one of the protected venues, says pubs provide far more to this nation than just beer and atmosphere.

"A pub creates community," says Cox, who works in ergonomics and has lived in Wandsworth for more than three decades.

At a pub, he says, you develop a relationship with other patrons and the staff, who keep tabs on you: "If they don't see you, they will ask questions — 'I wonder where he is?' And you end up with a supporting network
Jonathan Cook, deputy leader of the Wandsworth Council, says one of the big reasons pubs are closing in this borough — just southwest of London's center — is because of the city's real estate boom. For some pub owners, it makes more economic sense to sell to a buyer who wants to build a mini-supermarket or apartments.

"What we're saying is, 'Well, hang on a minute — we've got an interest here as well. The community values the pub and you've got to factor that into the equation as well,'" says Cook.

Shuttered pubs litter Wandsworth. The door to the old Ram Brewery is sealed in concrete. Aluminum sheets cover the windows of the Prince of Wales. In 1992 there were 67,800 public houses in the United Kingdom, according to the British Beer and Pub Association; by 2014, the association estimates that number had dropped by a quarter to 51,900. During the same period, the country's population increased by more than 10 percent.

The association blames changing tastes, including the growth in wine drinking, and high taxes for boosting beer prices. But the organization, which represents major brewers and pub-owning companies, opposes Wandsworth's solution.

"This can create a certain amount of uncertainty for all businesses in the pub sector," said Neil Williams, a spokesman for the association. "It makes it very difficult for a pub operator to sell on a venue."

Cook, the Wandsworth councilman, says the 120 pubs the borough has designated for protection are all thriving businesses. He emphasized that Wandsworth is not interested in propping up failing enterprises, but doesn't want to see any more valued venues sold off for other uses without public input.

Unlike the British Beer and Pub Association, David Law thinks Wandsworth's new regulation is crucial for protecting pubs. Law leases and runs the Eagle Ale House, and hopes other jurisdictions across the country adopt Wandsworth's idea.

"We protect our museums, our art galleries and our libraries," says Law. "A pub is a very big institution in the U.K. So I would argue that we need to be helping them and make them flourishing. We don't need to lose anymore."

from NPR, Sept.13, 2016.

上記の記事を読んだあと、毎日新聞朝刊にアサヒビールの社長のインタビュー記事が載った。日本のビール消費量は人口減少も去ることながら、若者のビール離れや家飲みが増えて、居酒屋にサーバーを提供するなどあの手この手を使って市場維持を図っていると。イギリスのビール会社ミラー社を買収し傘下におさめて、欧州をはじめとして世界に売って出る戦略らしい。(2016.9.16 記)

« 超人の面白セミナー参加  大学人会議主催 講師 : 吉見俊哉東大教授『文系学部廃止』の衝撃 : 大学はどこへ行くのか 続 | トップページ | 超人の面白テレビ観賞 ETV特集「武器ではなく命の水を~医師・中村哲とアフガニスタン~」 »

コメント

コメントを書く

コメントは記事投稿者が公開するまで表示されません。

(ウェブ上には掲載しません)

トラックバック

« 超人の面白セミナー参加  大学人会議主催 講師 : 吉見俊哉東大教授『文系学部廃止』の衝撃 : 大学はどこへ行くのか 続 | トップページ | 超人の面白テレビ観賞 ETV特集「武器ではなく命の水を~医師・中村哲とアフガニスタン~」 »

2020年8月
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31