« 超人の面白建築 W.M.ヴォーリズ  | トップページ | 超人の面白読書 46 堤未果著『ルポ 貧困大国アメリカ』 »

2008/08/31

超人のジャーナリスト・アイ 93 ハリケーン・グスターフ報道

T1homegustavcaymans 筆者は今堤未果著『ルポ 貧困大国アメリカ』(岩波新書 2008年刊)を読んでいるが、その中に書かれている3年前のハリケーン・カトリーナは実は自然災害ではなく人災だったと元FEMA(連邦緊急事態管理庁)職員 の話を載せている。また、「再建」ではなく「削除」されたニューオーリンズの貧困地域と小見出しが踊るリポートは、ハリケーン・カトリーナのその後を追い悲惨な現実を見せつけている。
 ところが、日本でこのところ連日"ゲリラ豪雨"が発生して首都圏などの交通が一時マヒしたり河川の決壊で床上浸水など被害が出ているなか、今度は海の向こうでハリケーン・グスターフが、カリブ海沿岸の地域、キューバ、ハイチ、アメリカのマイアミ、ミシシッピーそして再び ルイジアナ州ニューオーリンズにさしかかってるというニュースが飛び込んできた。ハリケーン・グスターフはハリケーンの規模を示す数字でカテゴリー4まで勢力を拡大しているという。下記はCNN電子版の直近のニュースだ。


Gulf Coast residents flee 'extremely dangerous' Gustav

BELLE CHASE, Louisiana (CNN) -- A hurricane watch was issued Saturday afternoon for southeastern Texas to the Alabama-Florida border as Hurricane Gustav's sustained winds reached 150 mph on its expected path to the U.S. Gulf Coast.


New Orleans residents leave Friday via Interstate 10 westbound ahead of Hurricane Gustav.

1 of 3 more photos » The watch means hurricane conditions are possible within about 36 hours. It was announced Saturday as thousands were in the process of fleeing parts of Mississippi and Louisiana, three years after Hurricanes Rita and Katrina ravaged the area.

Gustav "could be as bad as it gets", Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal said of the hurricane, which reached Category 4 strength Saturday.

"We could see tidal surges of as much as 15 to 20 feet. We could see flooding even worse than what we saw in Hurricane Katrina," he said Saturday.

At 5 p.m. ET, the eye of the storm was about 130 miles (210 km) east-northeast of Cuba's western tip and moving northwest about 15 mph.

Hurricanes are ranked 1 to 5 in intensity on the Saffir-Simpson scale. A Category 4 has winds of 131 to 155 mph and can cause extreme damage. Watch a report on the hurricane watch »

Hundreds of people lined up for buses and trains to take them out of New Orleans and thousands of other Gulf Coast residents drove inland, clogging major highways. iReport: Are you there? Send photos, video

More than a dozen parishes in Louisiana have declared states of emergency, and St. Bernard Parish began a mandatory evacuation Saturday afternoon, with authorities calling it "a matter of survival."

The evacuation began at 4 p.m. in the parish, which sits just east of New Orleans and was hard hit by Hurricane Katrina.

"We're advising people that, if you stay, as of 4 p.m., there will no longer be any services," Sheriff Craig Taffaro said.

In New Orleans, Louisiana, still recovering from Katrina, anxiety was high Saturday as residents fled, leaving behind a virtual ghost town of boarded-up homes and empty streets.

"I am strongly, strongly encouraging everyone in this city to evacuate," Mayor Ray Nagin said Saturday. "Start the process now." Watch Nagin urge people to leave »

At the Union Passenger Terminal in downtown New Orleans, people began arriving as early as 5:30 a.m., forming a line that snaked behind the main Amtrak terminal. Armed patrols and Humvees circled the crowds of people, many who waited as long as 2½ hours, enduring the heat and relentless sun, unsure of their destination.

New Orleans officials had designated 17 sites for people without transportation to board buses to take them to the terminal, where they will be moved to shelters outside New Orleans. However, scores of residents went directly to the terminal, carrying one bag, as the city had instructed. The snafu prompted confusion, as did a glitch in the computer system that was being used to register people. Watch people flee New Orleans in buses »

Jindal suspended registration at the terminal and instructed people to register when they arrive at shelters, Nagin said.

By afternoon, 1,100 to 1,200 people had left the city on those buses, Nagin said.

Don't Miss
Gustav prompts talk of altering RNC agenda
Hurricane Gustav intensifies on its path to Cuba
After Katrina, New Orleans won't be fooled again
iReport.com: Are you there? Send photos, video
"I'm not sure where I'm going," Margie Hawkins of New Orleans said. "My last 24 hours have been somewhat worrisome and very, very prayerful, because this is a very serious threat, and it's a lot of people to get to safe ground or be safe where they are."

In addition, the city arranged with Amtrak for more than 7,000 seats to evacuate the elderly by train. About 1,500 people left for Memphis, Tennessee, Nagin said.

There were also crowds at New Orleans' Louis Armstrong International Airport, which the city plans to keep open through 6 p.m. CT Sunday. Both Delta Air Lines and AirTran Airways said they planned to continue flights in and out of New Orleans until the airport is closed.

Buses arrived unloading evacuees, many of whom said they had no idea where they were going. Watch residents prepare to leave the city »

Vehicles jammed Interstate 10 headed west toward Texas. Cars also clogged Interstates 55 and 59 heading north out of eastern Louisiana. Heavy volume was also reported on Interstates 65 and 59 as Mississippi evacuees streamed north.

The hurricane's western eye reached the Cuban Isle of Youth on Saturday, and thousands of anxious Cubans boarded up their homes and sought safety.

It is projected to pass over western Cuba later in the day and to move into the southern Gulf of Mexico early Sunday and into the central Gulf by early Monday, according to forecasters. Gustav could make landfall as a Category 3 or 4 on the U.S. Gulf Coast late Monday or Tuesday, the National Hurricane Center said.

The storm called up uneasy memories Friday of the deadly 2005 hurricane season, particularly of Katrina, as Gulf Coast residents found themselves preparing for Gustav on the third anniversary of that devastating storm.

When Katrina hit, more than 1,800 people died in five states, 1,577 of them in Louisiana.

Residents and officials were determined not to be caught off-guard again.

"I'm very worried that the city is going to get hit again, and I don't want to be here when that happens," New Orleanian Sara Suggs said. Residents, at least initially, praised the efforts of the government.

"I think it's great that they are on top of the game early this time," said Fred Boyd of New Orleans. "I think a lot more people will be satisfied this time than last time."

Unlike the situation during Katrina, there will be no "shelter of last resort," the city said. In 2005, the city's Louisiana Superdome housed thousands of New Orleanians who couldn't, or didn't, heed the mandatory evacuation order. Watch FEMA administrator talk about being proactive »

The arena -- which grew dark, hot and increasingly fetid after the electricity failed and the plumbing was overwhelmed in the storm -- became a symbol of the disaster and the much-maligned government response to it.

Mississippi Gov. Haley Barbour announced Friday that Hurricane Katrina victims living in government-issued trailers or mobile homes along his state's coast would begin evacuating Saturday.


Notice was being given to people living in Federal Emergency Management Agency trailers or mobile homes, as well as people living in more permanent structures known as Mississippi cottages, he said.

About 4,300 families live in FEMA trailers or mobile homes, and 2,800 live in Mississippi cottages, the governor's office said.


CNN's Chris Lawrence and Sean Callebs contributed to this report

■スウェーデンの有力紙ダーゲンスニーヘーテル紙の2008年8月31日付電子版の「ハリケーン・グスターフ」報道

"Gustav" drar in över Kuba
Invånarna på Kuba bävar för "Gustav" som uppgraderats två gånger under lördagen och väntas dra in som en kategori fyra-orkan senare i kväll. Hundratusentals människor har evakuerats från sina hem på västa delen av ön.

Orkanen "Gustav"

Fler artiklar
• Julia tvingades lämna sitt hem
• New Orleans invånare flyr undan "Gustav"
• Orkanen Gustav stärkt till kategori tre-orkan
• Lämnar New Orleans inför orkanen
• Nära 80 döda i "Gustavs" spår


Webb-tv
• Webbtv: Stormen Gustav 29 aug


Bevaka via mejl Lägg till på MySpace Lägg till på Facebook Lägg till på del.icio.us Vad är det här? Vad är detta? "Gustav" har tilltagit i styrka mycket snabbt över de varma karibiska vattnen på väg mot Kuba.

Strax innan den nådde Kuba på lördagen uppgraderades "Gustav" av USA:s nationella orkancenter i Miami - vindarna har nu hastighet på nära 64 meter i sekunden.
Orkanens centrum, "ögat", låg vid 19-tiden, svensk tid, över Isla de la Juventud, söder om huvudön. Den lokala flygplatsen stängdes och båttrafiken stoppades redan tidigare på lördagen.

"Gustav" väntas dra in över västra Kuba i närheten av Pinar del Rio på lördagkvällen. Orkancentret i Miami varnade för att tidvattenvågor på närmare sex meter över det normala kan bildas i orkanens öga.

Civilförsvarsmyndigheter på västra och norra Kuba uppger att nära 200.000 personer har evakuerats, i första hand från kustsamhällen i väst och norr, som riskerar att drabbas hårt av översvämningar. Tusentals människor har också evakuerats från Havanna, liksom omkring 1.200 turister från Varadero, 15 mil öster om huvudstaden.

- Det är värst för den fattiga lokalbefolkningen. Hotellen där våra gäster befinner sig är byggda med tanke på orkanrisken och har speciella orkanrum, säger Kajsa Moström, informationschef på Apollo, till TT.

Apollo har sammanlagt 17 personer i Havanna och Varadero, uppger TT.

- Vår personal på plats har varit i kontakt med alla och uppmanat dem att följa de nationella råden och hotellpersonalens råd, säger Moström.

Starka vindar och ösregn föregick orkanen.
På "Gustavs" väg hittills har ovädret krävt över 80 liv i Jamaica, Dominikanska republiken och Haiti. Minst tio människor saknas fortfarande på Haiti, som härjades av "Gustav" i tisdags.

Kuba är extremt utsatt vid oväder. Många byggnader på ön är gamla och nedgångna. Särskilt i huvudstaden Havanna, med många hus från kolonaltiden, är risken för ras överhängande.

Invånarna i tvåmiljonerstaden har uppmanats av myndigheterna att vara försiktiga och många har bommat igen dörrar och fönster som skydd mot de kraftiga vindarna och skyfallet. Innan "Gustav" drog in försökte invånare bunkra mat och andra förnödenheter. Många affärer hade dock redan hunnit bomma igen tidigare.

Det amerikanska National Hurricane Center uppgav på lördagskvällen att "Gustav" kan öka i styrka ytterligare, rapporterar AFP. Orkancentret i Miami befarar att ovädret kommer att uppgraderas till en kategori fem-orkan, den högsta på skalan, då den passerat Kuba och drar sig vidare över Mexikanska golfen mot den amerikanska sydkusten.


Lilly Hallberg och AFP

■ミシシッピーのローカル新聞 The Times-Picayuneのハリケーン・グスターフ報道。

WAITING FOR GUSTAV
CATEGORY 3 PREDICTED, EVACUATION URGED Saturday, August 30, 2008By Robert Travis Scott,
Residents of vulnerable coastal parishes should evacuate as soon as possible in anticipation of an expected dangerous Category 3 Hurricane Gustav, packing winds of 115 mph and arriving early Tuesday, Gov. Bobby Jindal said Friday.

A Louisiana State University scientist working with state emergency preparedness officials warned late Friday that Gustav could push as much as 15 feet of storm surge onto a wide stretch of the state's coastline west of New Orleans.

"If it stays on this southwest Louisiana track, Gustav will be like a hybrid between Katrina and Rita," Robert Twilley said. "And right in the middle, you've got the huge Atchafalaya basin. . . . I just hope people don't wait too long" to get out.

Advertisement

The state will open contraflow traffic patterns on interstates "early, early Sunday morning" to assist the exodus, Jindal said as he announced preparations to move people out of at least 19 parishes in which a state of emergency has been declared.

For the first time, the state's contraflow plan, in which all lanes of interstate highways flow in a single direction away from the storm, will be implemented for southeast and southwest Louisiana simultaneously, Jindal said.

Jindal and other officials urged residents of the New Orleans area to move north or east -- not west, where Gustav appears to be headed.

He said more than 1,500 National Guard troops moved into New Orleans today, adding that he expects the state to deploy an additional 7,000 Guard soldiers to secure the areas that are evacuated.

"We don't want folks worried about their property," Jindal said at the state's Emergency Operations Center in Baton Rouge. "We want people to be worried about their personal safety."

State officials by Friday had noted a 400 percent increase in demand for gasoline, Jindal said. State officials had requested gas from Texas and from stored winter blends to ensure that fuel supplies hold up, he said.

By mid-afternoon Friday, officials in the New Orleans area had called for residents of coastal communities most vulnerable to storm surge flooding in St. Bernard, Plaquemines and Jefferson parishes to pack up and head north.

Officials also set in motion plans to help residents who don't have the means to evacuate to get out of harm's way. In the region's population hubs of Orleans and Jefferson parishes, officials estimated that about 43,000 people may need assistance.

Buses were scheduled to begin shuttling around designated pickup sites this morning in Orleans, Jefferson, St. Bernard and Plaquemines parishes, ferrying residents to central locations where they will board state-chartered buses to shelters in north Louisiana and Tennessee.


In New Orleans, elderly and infirm residents will board Amtrak trains to Memphis.

--- No shelter in N.O. ---

Jerry Sneed, the city's director of homeland security and emergency preparedness, emphasized that there will be no shelter of last resort for Gustav. In previous storms, authorities have allowed people to take refuge in the Superdome, though usually not until the last minute.

"There are no shelters of last resort in the city, and our citizens have to understand that," he said.

Sneed also said authorities cannot offer evacuees any choice about their destination.

"They're going to go to safe places," he said. "That's all they need to understand. If they have another way out and they have a place to go, I encourage them to use that other system."

Those who board buses will not be allowed to bring weapons, drugs or alcohol with them, Sneed said. Some bedding will be provided in shelters. Evacuees should bring clothing, medications and important papers.

Though no mandatory evacuation orders were in place by Friday, St. Bernard Parish President Craig Taffaro said he intends to issue the call today at 4 p.m. The Sheriff's Office signaled that it would strictly enforce a 24-hour curfew during the mandatory evacuation by throwing violators in jail.

New Orleans Mayor Ray Nagin and Jefferson Parish President Aaron Broussard, who represent a combined 800,000 residents, were expected to issue mandatory evacuation orders Sunday. They warned that anyone caught off their private property would be arrested.

Advertisement

For residents planning to drive their own vehicles to points north, State Police Superintendent Mike Edmonson said he had orders from the governor to be prepared to begin contraflow traffic as early as Saturday at 10 p.m. but that as of Friday evening he planned to begin Sunday between 4 and 6 a.m.

--- High winds Monday ---

Tropical storm-force winds are expected to reach the Louisiana coast before dawn Monday, followed by tropical storm winds in New Orleans and other densely populated areas between 8 and 11 a.m., Jindal said. State officials are urging citizens to get out of the storm areas before those winds hit to avoid getting caught in unsafe driving conditions, Jindal said.

The arrival of high winds, rather than the eye of the storm, is the factor that residents should consider when timing their departures, he said.

The storm's landfall is expected Tuesday.

"Don't wait for contraflow, don't wait for mandatory evacuations," Jindal said. Residents should leave as soon as they can, he said.

National Hurricane Center forecaster Todd Kimberlain warned late Friday that it was still too early Friday night to predict an exact landfall location; computer models suggest the storm has a chance of crossing the Gulf Coast anywhere between Pensacola, Fla., and Corpus Christi, Texas.

But the forecast indicates Gustav will become a strong Category 3 hurricane with 127-mph winds by Monday as it reaches the central Gulf, before dropping to 115 mph as it comes ashore. When it reaches Eunice, 12 hours after landfall, Gustav will still be a strong Category 1 hurricane with 98-mph winds.

. . . . . . .

Frank Donze, Richard Rainey, Paul Rioux, Gordon Russell, Victoria St. Martin and Bob Warren contributed to this story.Robert Travis Scott can be reached at rscott@timespicayune.com or 225.342.4197. Michelle Krupa can be reached at mkrupa@timespicayune.com or 504.826.3312.

追記。ハリケーン・グスターフはルイジアナ州に上陸したが勢力が弱まり被害はそれほどでもなかったと報じられた。今週はその後のハリケーン・アナの出現、熱帯性低気圧っぽいが、大西洋で発生→カリブ海沿岸→アメリカ沿岸部とハリケーンの通過する地域は死者が出たりして大変である。今回死者150人以上が出たハイチの被害が大きい。そしてまた、ハリケーン・アイクも接近中とか(2008年9月7日 記)。
追記2。そのハリケーン・アイクが13日テキサス州に上陸、子供を含む3人が死亡、100万人が非難と報道された。すでにハイチでは50人が死亡したと伝えられている(9月14日 記)。

« 超人の面白建築 W.M.ヴォーリズ  | トップページ | 超人の面白読書 46 堤未果著『ルポ 貧困大国アメリカ』 »

コメント

コメントを書く

コメントは記事投稿者が公開するまで表示されません。

(ウェブ上には掲載しません)

トラックバック


この記事へのトラックバック一覧です: 超人のジャーナリスト・アイ 93 ハリケーン・グスターフ報道:

« 超人の面白建築 W.M.ヴォーリズ  | トップページ | 超人の面白読書 46 堤未果著『ルポ 貧困大国アメリカ』 »

2020年8月
            1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31